Inflammation and the skin

Photo @healthyhunter

Photo @healthyhunter

What is inflammation? 

Inflammation is a natural process; it is the body’s way of responding when we are sick or injured and commences the healing process. In the case of an injury or illness, the body responds by sending white blood cells to protect the body and promote repair. You may relate to experiencing inflammation as swelling or a fever. However inflammation can become problematic when chronic inflammation develops and white blood cells attempt to treat something that does not require a response. In this circumstance, the immune system begins attacking healthy tissue and producing chemicals that damage cells. This is when autoimmune diseases like asthma, diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, acne and other skin related problems can occur.  

What causes inflammation?  

There are different things that cause inflammation, but some of the main causes include diet and stress. 

Considering much of the immune system resides in the gut, it stands to reason that dietary choices can greatly affect inflammation. Some of the biggest triggers include sugar, refined carbs, processed food and alcohol. There are diets that can help reduce internal inflammation. 

Another key trigger for inflammation is stress. Like over consumption of sugar, stress encourages increased production of cortisol. This increased production of cortisol fosters a more toxic environment and encourages inflammation. Unfortunately stress is unavoidable, so it is important to manage it on a regular basis so it is not exacerbated. 

Sleep, or rather lack of sleep is closely linked to inflammation and chronic inflammatory diseases. Therefore ensuring you invest in 8 hours of sleep a night is critical to a productive and healthy lifestyle.  

How does inflammation affect the skin? 

When we consider the skin, collagen is one of the first things that can be affected by inflammation. Inflammation breaks down collagen and also prevents it from forming. This enhances the visual signs of the ageing in the form of wrinkles and sagging skin.  

Likewise there are many skin disorders that are quite literally a visible response to inflammation including acne, rosacea, eczema and psoriasis; often red and angry in appearance. 

Reducing inflammation – The golden rules

Diet: Consuming a diet rich in anti-inflammatory properties can prevent excessive inflammation and quench free radicals. Healthy fats such as omega-3 and omega-6 found in oily fish like salmon, avocado, chia seeds and coconut are great options. Antioxidant rich foods can help manage inflammation and cortisol levels including berries and dark leafy greens. 

Reduce stress: Managing stress levels are one of the most important ways we can help with inflammation. Creating a lifestyle or ways to release stress will greatly affect the way the body is able to manage stress hormones.

Sleep: Sleep is when the body has the opportunity to restore and recuperate. We know that performance, production and general well-being is greatly enhanced by sleep. There is also a direct correlation between sleep and reduced inflammation (including chronic diseases caused by inflammation).

7 ways to reduce stress and feel well

Photo @elsewhere

Photo @elsewhere

We all know the impact stress can have on our lives. It can greatly affect our physical and emotional well being. When we are stressed our bodies go into shut down mode and our skin is one of the first things to suffer. The skin is affected by stress as it reacts to the increased levels of cortisol when we live in ‘fight or flight’ mode. The impact increases inflammation in our skin resulting in redness ‘flushing’, pimples, dry and dull skin.

One of the simplest ways to take better care of ourselves (and our skin!) is to reduce stress levels by integrating activities in our week that assist us to feel good. It sounds easy but investing time into this practice is generally the hardest part.

 Relieving stress is different for everyone. Some of our favourites include:

1.    Go for a walk! Get out of the office, house or car and stomp the pavement. Even better, try and get out into nature with some fresh air. It doesn’t have to be a long walk. Walking will promote circulation throughout the entire body, increasing oxygen levels and endorphins. This surge of endorphins can help reduce our stress hormones and improve our general mood.

2.    Do you have energy to burn? A high intensity exercise class, running or the gym might be the best stress release for you. High impact exercise can provide the perfect platform to physically release the buildup of the day to reset the mind.

3.    Low intensity activities like yoga and pilates are other great options to reduce stress. Both of these activities focus on breathing and help to nourish the body and mind. Consistent and regular breath work is one of the simplest ways we can encourage relaxation and regulate our hormones, including over-production of cortisol. When we feel centered and in tune with our breath, we naturally engage a state of release and relaxation.

4.    Meditation is perfect for encouraging equilibrium in the bodymind. For many people just the word meditation can be overwhelming. However meditation can be as simple as sitting quietly for just a few minutes a day. Even a few minutes will provide so many benefits to our entire well being. Meditation calms the nervous system, regulates the production of cortisol and even aids digestions. If you feel unsure about how to get started, there are many apps to assist you. Check out The Mindfulness App, Headspace & Calm.

5.    Mindfulness is another great tool and encourages the act of being present. We are so busy and accessible now we are actually inaccessible. We spend so much time on our phones and looking at computer screens we can live a life disconnected from what we are actually doing. We are constantly living in a state of over stimulation. Practicing mindfulness is as simple as being present. Notice the sounds around you, the smells in the air, people talking, birds singing, how the air touches your skin.  A great book is ‘Change Your Thinking’ by Sarah Edelman and provides some tips to integrate mindfulness.

6.    Make a commitment to cultivating quality sleep. How we sleep has a direct effect on how we experience life, our performance and general well being.  Aim to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day. Give yourself time before you sleep to detox from the distraction of phones and other electronics. Have a warm bath or shower. Use a drop or two of lavender on your pillow and avoid caffeine and alcohol before bed. Always retire into a dark room and invest in a good quality pillow.

7.    Get pampered and indulge yourself. Consider a massage or treatment that will make you feel nourished and revitalised. Choose a treatment that encourages detoxification, increases circulation and lymphatic drainage. Enforced relaxation is often one of the best ways we can let go. If you want to pamper yourself and look after your skin, we recommend Skindepth’s Signature Treatment as the ultimate skin rejuvenation and relaxation. Your skin and mind will thank you.

Skin at all ages

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Our skin changes and evolves over time as we go through the ageing process. So how we approach skincare must evolve also. When we consider the process, we can break it down into intrinsic ageing and photoageing (also known as extrinsic ageing). Photoageing is the effects of environmental factors on the skin, the most common being excessive sun exposure. Intrinsic ageing is the natural genetic ageing process and is largely predetermined when we are born.

Intrinsic signs of ageing include;

Top layer of the skin (epidermis) thins
The deeper layer of the skin (dermis) and bones shrink causing the appearance of sagging
Fine wrinkles
Pigmented spots

The amount of fat on face decreases creating a more sunken appearance (especially fat pads above eyes and around mouth).

Extrinsic signs of ageing include;

Top layer of the skin (epidermis) thickens
The deeper layer of the skin (dermis) thins
Development of coarse wrinkles, deep wrinkles and furrowing
Mottled, uneven pigmentation
Skin growths (called actinic keratosis)
Glycation, cross linking of collagen and elastin

 In our 20s

When we are in our 20s (or younger), it is perfect time to kick start a balanced skin care routine.  This is where we can have the greatest opportunity to prevent extrinsic ageing, so SPF 50+ sunscreen is a must every day. When considering skincare, always choose products that are high in antioxidants to help quench free radicals and minimise the ageing process. Preventing damage at a younger age is far more effective than treating damaged skin later in life.

We recommend: Medik8 B5 & La Roche-Posay Sunscreen 50+ SPF

In our 30s

When we hit 30 our collagen and elastin production has already slowed down. This means we need to focus on regenerating the skin. Dullness and uneven texture can start to show; especially if a good exfoliator is not part of your skincare routine. In our 30s, it is important to focus on vitamin A (also known as retinol) and chemical exfoliators such as lactic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid and pyruvic acid. Chemical exfoliators contain acids and enzymes that gently dissolve and encourage the removal of dead skin cells. As they do not require scrubbing they are often more gentle on the skin than non-chemical exfoliants.  They will help to exercise the skin and encourage cell renewal whilst evening the skin’s texture. They may also help to reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

 We recommend: Rationale Preparatory Cleanser & Immunologist UltraCreme

In our 40s

Our 40s is when the true intrinsic signs of ageing start to show. Due to the noticeable change in the skin, a number of ingredients must be integrated to help support the skin holistically. When considering skincare, always include antioxidants, chemical exfoliators, vitamin A, and peptides. Peptides are best explained as fragments of proteins that teach the skin to do what’s required. Without peptides, the skin can result in loss of firmness, appearance of wrinkles, texture changes, and skin that doesn’t bounce back as it once did.

We recommend: Hyal Ceutic Intense Moisturiser 

In our 50s and above

In our 50s and above, all previous skin exposure starts to show. The effects of sun damage results in discolouration of our skin so we see more redness, pigmentation and actintic damage present to the surface. Our wrinkles over time can become more obvious and they don’t just appear with the use of expression. This is a perfect time to treat the sun damage, redness and pigmentation with our ALA/ PDT treatment. Your skin will require a heavier moisturiser and don’t forget vitamin a serum!

We recommend: Regen Ceutic Skin Recovery Cream &  Biopelle Retriderm Serum Plus

At all ages, Skindepth encourage their patients to eat a diet filled with fruit and vegetables, nuts as well as oily fish such as salmon and sardines. Avoid dairy if you are prone to acne. 

It’s important to remember that there are so many factors that can influence our skin health. If you are unsure about the best way to care for your skin, always speak to a qualified Dermal Clinician or Dermatologist.

Pregnancy and your skin

pic @peppermintmagazine

pic @peppermintmagazine

Pregnancy causes huge hormonal changes in the body which greatly affects the skin. Some of the most common changes pregnant women can experience is increased pigmentation (on the face and body) and stretch marks.

The main factors that influences the development of pigmentation (which could be a sudden appearance of freckles, sun spots, linea nigra or melasma), is due to increased melanin production. With increased melanin comes more pronounced sensitivity to the sun. However the good news is that pigmentation flare ups throughout pregnancy will generally lighten over time and naturally resolve. The best prevention is to apply SPF 50+ sunscreen daily. If you’re already doing this religiously, and staying out of the sun, then you can also invest in a tyrosinase inhibitor, which is a topical product. These skincare products usually contain Vitamin C, liquorice root extract, niacinamide and phytic acid and works to block future pigmentation being formed within the skin. One of our preferred products is Propaira Light-n-ing cream which is safe during pregnancy.

The other common concern during pregnancy is stretch marks. Stretch marks tend to occur due to the high rate in which the skin grows as the body changes. For those of you nervous about stretch marks, body brushing throughout pregnancy (and even once you have your baby), is a good way to stimulate blood flow and lymphatic drainage. This will deliver essential nutrients to the area whilst also decreasing any swelling you might have. Of course, brush your belly very gently, but work harder on your legs, buttocks and arms. A lighter brush that you would use on your face would be more appropriate for the belly area. We love body brushing during pregnancy because it helps to strengthen the quality of the skin and may reduce the appearance of stretch marks.

Body moisturisers containing Vitamin C and Vitamin E are another good option that can assist with stretch marks. These moisturisers help to form new collagen and elastin structures which maintain skin hydration levels. During pregnancy your skin can be drier and possibly more sensitive, so use more oil-based products are richer and more nutritious for your skin.  

Pregnancy is an important and exciting time for all parents. If you have any concerns about your skin or are looking for the right skincare routine during pregnancy, come in for a one on one consultation with our experienced Dermal Clinicians Amelia or Lily. You will receive a customised plan providing guidance on skin products that are 100% safe during pregnancy.

Tanning the safe way

pic @lucybrownless

pic @lucybrownless

Being winter, we haven’t seen the sun for a while and we are starting to notice those pale limbs. You may have an upcoming event or are going away and want to make sure you have that ‘healthy’ glow. Many of us use artificial tan, and although it means avoiding sun exposure, there are some other things to consider when getting our tan from a bottle.

1.    Artificial tan is safer than a real tan, but be mindful

Artificial tan is essentially a lot safer than getting a tan from the sun. Exposure to UV light through tanning the old fashioned way can increase risks of skin cancer, melanoma as well as sun spots, pigmentation and premature ageing.  However, when using artificial tan, please be mindful of how you apply it. Dihydroxyacetone (DHA) is found in artificial tan and is the chemical responsible for darkening the skin. Although the levels found in artificial tan are very low, it is recommended to avoid inhaling, ingesting or making contact with the eyes.  To minimise risks, you may want to consider applying tan with a mitt rather than spraying it. If you get regular spray tans in a salon, choose somewhere that has suitable ventilation.

2.    An artificial tan does not protect you from the sun

Although you may look like you have a tan, your ‘tanned’ skin will not protect you from the sun. It is important to still apply sunscreen (SPF 50+) on all areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun.  Even if your artificial tan claims to contain SPF coverage, this may only be for a few hours after the initial application. Ongoing sunscreen application is imperative throughout the day.

3.    Don’t assume organic tan is safer than non-organic tan

Although organic artificial tan will include more naturally derived ingredients, it is important to remember that organic tan still contains DHA. Therefore although organic ingredients may be more beneficial, still be mindful of how you apply it. Remember to avoid inhaling, ingesting or making contact with the eyes. 

4.    Moisturise and moisturise

It is commonly known that artificial tan tends to dry out the skin so it is important to keep the skin moisturised. To ensure the longevity of your tan, avoid oil based lotions as they will tend to make it fade quicker.

5.    Avoid artificial tan if you are booked in for laser

If you are coming in for laser, it is important to avoid artificial tan for a minimum of 4 weeks prior. This is recommended because the laser can be attracted to the pigment colour in the tan product rather than the actual pigmentation we aim to treat. There are also more complications that can occur when tan is present on the skin. For example, blistering, burning, hyper-pigmentation and hypo-pigmentation.

Holiday skin – The Essentials!

pic @annaheinrich1

pic @annaheinrich1

About to go on a holiday? Do you have limited room in your luggage? Follow our holiday packing essentials list and maintain that beautiful healthy glow. It doesn’t matter if you’re going on a summer holiday or a winter getaway; rain or shine, these are your must have items.

Sunscreen UVA and UVB protection 50+
You should wear a sunscreen daily. Dermaceutic Laboratorie and La Roche Posay have wonderful face and body sunscreens for different skin types (oily or dry) and are also suitable for even the most sensitive skin types. They have sunscreens for kids, primers with SPF and BB creams for a little more coverage.

Wide brimmed hat and sunglasses
If you’re doing outdoor activities you will need a hat that’s going to cover not just your forehead but around the sides of the face. Direct sun exposure is to be avoided and preventing damage is better than trying to treat it once the damage is done. Sun exposure leads to prematurely ageing, pigmentation and sun spots.

Antioxidant serum for the face, neck and chest
A good rich antioxidant serum will help to brighten, repair, and protect the skin whilst you’re away. Tri Vita C30 from Dermaceutic Laboratorie contains Vitamin C, vitamin E and Ferulic acid. All these ingredients help protect your skin from harmful rays.

Body moisturiser
Your skin is going to become dehydrated very quickly if you’re flying to your destination, so please ensure you keep it hydrated not only on the flight but every day whilst you’re away. Aveeno daily moisturising lotion is fragrance free for the body and we love it at Skindepth Dermatology.

To revitalise the skin and even the complexion after a change in climate, an exfoliator is a great option. Invest in either a chemical exfoliator or mechanical scrub. A mechanical scrub is great for thickened and oily skin type and a chemical exfoliator is therefore better for a more delicate skin type. We recommend BiRetix Micropeel for a purifying mechanical scrub, and Catalyst Gelcreme from Rationale as a gentle chemical exfoliator.

Hand gel sanitiser
Who knows what germs can be around so always have a gel hand sanitiser handy in your bag.

Beating Acne Only Begins With The Right Treatment

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Acne affects people of all ages and it can really encumber confidence and self-esteem. There are many severities of acne and it often presents in different ways. In order to treat the acne properly, we need to first asses and diagnose it. When addressing acne we need to classify whether it is comedonal, pustular, cystic or a combination of these. We also need to consider any medical conditions, diet and home skincare regimes. Only after we have diagnosed the acne type and received all information can we develop a complete and effective treatment that will truly combat the condition.

After extensive research, Skindepth use the following treatment options:

Chemical peels and LED Therapy

This treatment works by clearing out the dead skin cells and oils that may be blocking the pores or follicles. There are a range of different strength/types of peels that are customised and chosen for each individual. Regular peels and LED will continue to remove dead skin cells and encourage cell renewal.


Extractions are fantastic for anyone that has underlying congestion that need to come up and out of the skin. If the congestion is left in the skin then they can only get bigger and more infected with time. It is always best to come in and make an appointment to see a trained clinician who will extract correctly preventing scarring or transfer of bacteria. Please never pick your own skin!


This is a full course of 12 light based therapy treatments for patients suffering from pustular, cystic and inflammatory acne. Kleresca is an advanced light based and painless technology that is a great option for anyone that prefers to avoid prescription medication. It kills bacteria and also encourages skin repair on a cellular level. Kleresca is also known to help reduce acne scarring.

Prescription medication

Depending on the type of acne, medical and acne history, prescription medication may be the most suitable option. Prescription medication is administered under the experienced and watchful eye of Dr Alice Rudd and monitored on regular intervals.  Medications are carefully prescribed in line with the individual and require a referral from a GP.


At Skindepth Dermatology we truly believe that beating acne and maintaining clear skin comes down to what you put on your skin daily. Therefore a tailored skincare plan is part of how we treat acne. Come in for a one-on-one chat with one of the Dermal Clinicians who can develop a targeted skincare plan.

 Skindepth’s Acne Clinic is now available. No GP referral is required and there are minimum wait times. Book an appointment with our Acne experts, Amelia and Lily.

Facial Rejuvenation - From Thailand (part 2)

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Following Dr Alice Rudd’s earlier post about her experiences with Facial Acupuncture in Thailand, join Dr Rudd as she takes you through Dien Chan Reflexology. 

I was intrigued to meet Alex Scrimgeour, a London based acupuncturist who specialises in Dien Chan reflexology. You’ve heard of reflexology for the feet, but what about for the face? Reflexology generally recognises that certain pressure points are deeply connected to our inner health and well-being. Dien Chan Reflexology hails from Vietnam, and bases its treatments on a map of 300 points on the face that that correspond to various areas of the body and internal organs. The belief is that much of our physical, mental and emotional anguish is held in the face (just look at people who clench their teeth and get huge masseter muscles that needs botulinum toxin injections). Massage of the face using a variety of tools in the Dien Chan repertoire seeks to release these inner tensions, allowing greater relaxation and sense of calm.

By focusing on certain facial areas, it is also reported to assist with reduction in inflammation, boosting immunity and regulating hormones. What does it feel like? Minimal discomfort (unlike other methods such as facial acupuncture) and far more relaxing! The best part? Rejuvenation! Some of the tools are much like take home needling devices or rollers, tiny blunt mental spikes rubbed over the skin stimulate blood flow, which causes a plumpness that is seen with a lot of non-invasive cosmetic tools on the market. But this is more targeted, and gives the extra added benefit of not only improving the surface, but addressing some of what lies beneath. Specifically, Alex mentioned that points mapped out around the eyebrow have implications in female reproductive health… so if you experience hormonal skin break outs, Amelia might just press on your eyebrows to assist in releasing some of those!!

The next treatment on my rejuvenation journey was facial acupressure. I can relate this to ‘myotherapy for the face’. This treatment involves firm (painful!) pressure to the some of the biggest muscles of the face, masseters, temples and around the jaw. By pressing and sustaining pressure, followed by facial massage, deep muscle fibres release and relax, reducing facial tension and tightening. I once had a myofascial release treatment to my masseters by a trained Myotherapist, and it felt much like this, painful, but an incredible sense of release. I didn’t appear to have an immediate rejuvenated appearance, but certainly felt relaxation.

So am I a convert? Well if you think about it…..wrinkles as we know them are the result of facial muscle contraction at times of increased emotion: “worry” lines “frown” lines, “smile” lines. So I can treat the end result with my anti-wrinkle injections, but we work of the basis that prevention is better than cure, surely addressing the cause of our ‘worry’ and frowns’ makes sense? Well at least on the face of it!

NB: Cosmetic Acupuncture and reflexology have very little evidence supporting its efficacy in clinical trials, but has been adopted by many, so at this stage it is difficult to recommend it on scientific grounds, more trials are needed.

5 minutes with Lucy Brownless

Photo @lucybrowless

Photo @lucybrowless

Lucy Brownless is a model, social media influencer and brand ambassador. Lucy started her skincare journey with Skindepth 6 months ago. Like most people, Lucy has a skin story. Find out more about her journey.   

Lucy, how long have you suffered from Acne?

I first noticed a few pimples around Year 7 and Year 8, but they got progressively worse over the years. I have always had issues with my skin and wondered initially if it was hormonal. It was only after my treatments at Skindepth that I started to notice a difference. Currently I see Amelia who is one of their lovely Dermal Clinicians.  

Had you ever previously been treated for acne? 

Prior to my recent treatment, I’ve had very sporadic treatments such as micro-dermabrasion, but I never had a set routine. I saw different people who said they could help me, but my skin didn’t change. I was always moving onto the next thing trying desperately to fix my skin. It was very disheartening. It wasn’t until I went to Skindepth that I got the guidance I was looking for.  

How did you feel when your acne was at its worst?

Awful. It made me feel very insecure, especially at the end of high school. It was always in the back of my mind. It was difficult to cope at times. I was always trying to hide my skin with makeup. 

What treatments have you done with Skindepth to combat your acne concerns? 

I was prescribed a course of Vitamin A medication which had a huge effect on my skin. It really cleared up my acne but also reduced my scarring which always bothered me. I had heard a few things about Vitamin A medication so was a little apprehensive at first. But I am so happy with the results. It has completely transformed my skin and I feel so much better.

In terms of ongoing skin treatments, I regularly have extractions, LED Therapy and hydrating treatments such as chemical peels.

(Extractions help to remove any underlying congestion ensuring that the plug comes out and prevents further infection of the skin. LED helps with the inflammation, scarring and blood flow circulation for healing. Chemical peels remove dead skin and clears out pores for clearer skin - Skindepth).

How have the treatments worked for your skin? 

Amazing! Every time I walk out of the clinic my skin is always glowing and I always get lots of comments. After the first treatment I knew I was finally going to get on top of my skin. Having a clear plan made me feel very confident. Being consistent with both treatments and my skincare products has made all the difference.  

Was there any pain associated or discomfort? 

At the start extractions are not the most relaxing, especially due to the amount of congestion in the beginning. But now it is no longer an issue. There is no other discomfort involved with treatments, it’s actually very relaxing and I have the added bonus of knowing my skin is getting better and better. 

How long did the treatment take for you to notice the effects? 

After visiting the clinic, I noticed a big difference in my skin within the first few weeks. I have been coming to Skindepth almost 6 months now and over the last few months things just keep getting better. Anything takes time and the difference in my skin is quite significant. Looking back on my skin and where I have come from, it has definitely come a long way! 

How do you feel now?  

A million times better! I am so much more confident in my skin. Before my skin used to be my biggest insecurity. Now I have the confidence to go without makeup where as I used to go nowhere without it. For my job I am often in hair and makeup and I am always getting comments about how much better my skin is. Make up is also easier to apply and often I don’t need as much either. I was always worried about my skin, but it’s nice not to have that awful feeling at the back of my mind.  

What have you learnt about your skin?  

The biggest thing I have learnt from Skindepth is the importance of skincare and what it does for my skin. Before I used to buy things that sounded or looked great but I didn’t know what they were doing or what my skin needed. It was great when I first started coming to Skindepth, Amelia (Dermal Clinician) really took the time to explain what the various skincare items do, what moisturiser was best for dryness which all really helped. I also learnt that great skin comes with consistency. Regular treatments are so important. I am very happy with my skin journey with Skindepth so far and can’t thank Amelia enough. I am excited about continuing my skin journey.

The Best Post Laser Care

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Thinking about laser or coming in for a treatment soon? Although we always recommend talking to your Dermal Clinician about your specific treatment we want to share some information on the best post laser skin care so you can not only recover quickly, but get the most out of your treatment.

1. Before coming in for laser please avoid (3 days prior): taking any fish oil, vitamin E, ibuprofen as these can make you more susceptible to bruising during the laser treatment. Please also make sure that you do not apply any cosmeceutical or prescription grade vitamin A to your skin the night before. Direct sun exposure is to be avoided for a minimum of two weeks prior to your laser treatment.

2. Having a laser treatment means that your skin is going to feel warm (there are many various intensities of this heat depending on the settings used for your skin type and concern). So remember to treat it like you would sunburn. Things like ice-packs and compressions can be used to cool the skin and reduce inflammation; avoid hot showers and direct contact with hot water; and shun heated environments or activities such as exercise that will cause increased heating to the face for at least 24hrs.   

3. Depending on the intensity of your laser treatment you can experience a warm sunburn like sensation that lasts anywhere between 1-5 days. This can greatly vary because of many variables that exist such as skin type, type of laser, energy used, depth of the laser. 

4.  Make sure you’re not applying any highly active skincare products to your skin until your clinician or practitioner has advised its fine to do so. Straight after laser it is best to use a basic hydrating cleanser and moisturiser until your skin is no longer sensitive.

5. Sunscreen is imperative. It is your number one friend. Use a good quality sunscreen daily. We recommend La Roche-Posay Anthelios XL Ultra Light SPF 50+.

6. Try to avoid the application of make up after laser. Try to hold off until the next day, or even better wait a minimum of 24 hours. For light coverage you may like to use a BB cream.

7. Although all laser treatments differ, most people find that down-time after laser is approximately 4-7 days. For stronger treatments this can be a little longer. However most post laser effects can be masked with light make up application.

8. Do not pick or scratch your skin. Please do not exfoliate or scrub your skin until your clinician or practitioner has advised its fine to. You generally want to wait at least 7-10 days.