5 ways summer affects the skin

 Pic @ jesspurchase

Pic @ jesspurchase

The mercury is rising and inevitably the skin experiences changes in response to the environmental changes around us. Join Skindepth as we take you through the most common skin responses you can expect over the coming months.

1. In summer we will all naturally produce more sebum (oil within the pores). If the weather is both hot and humid it is also likely we are going to sweat more. When we sweat we are more likely to attract dust and dirt onto the skin which can lead to blocked pores and unfortunately a greater susceptibility to breakouts. Additionally, increased oil, sweat and dirt sitting in the pores can cause them to stretch over time. Do not despair, there are some simple things we can do to at home keep the skin healthy and prevent blockages:

o Switch to a gel based cleanser as a way to manage more oily prone skin
o Use a salicylic acid serum or skincare product containing this ingredient (salicylic acid will help dissolve the oil)
o Use a vitamin A in the evening to help shrink the sebaceous glands responsible for producing excessive oil
o Use light weight lotions/serums or fluid sunscreens and moisturisers over thicker creams.

2. Inflammation and rashes are more common in the warmer months. Among them is heat rash, which happens when sweat ducts get closed off, trapping the moisture under the skin and leading to a rash made up of bumps and inflammation. Skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis can be troublesome due to reduced ventilation caused by hot and sweaty conditions. It is important to choose clothing that encourages air flow (such as cotton) as well as cooler environments with air conditioning to ensure you can regulate your temperature.

3. In summer there is greater exposure to the sun and UV light. When we are exposed to UV light the risk of pigmentation (such as freckling) and vascular discolouration increases. Unprotected exposure to sunlight is the major causes of wrinkles and premature aging and skin discolouration. It is imperative that sunscreen is part of your daily skincare routine, even if you do not anticipate being outside. Sunlight and UV exposure can still occur in cars, houses and offices via windows. Protect your skin from the sun with sensible clothing, a hat and of course the number 1 skincare, SPF 50+ sunscreen. If possible try to avoid direct sunlight exposure.

4. During the summer months we tend to swim more which means we are exposed to both salt and chlorinated water. Although salt water can be quite beneficial for the skin, it can also be quite dehydrating. When you are finished at the beach or pool, always rinse off with a quick shower to remove left over salt or chlorine.  After showering, apply a hydrating moisturiser as the skin is more susceptible to absorption.

5. Stay hydrated on the inside. We have heard it so many times but how we regulate our insides is largely reflected in the skin. Ensure you stay hydrated with plenty of fluid, ideally water. Water is best served at room temperature. The digestive system works far more effectively when consuming drinks at room temperature opposed to icy cold. Cold drinks in fact restrict the vessels and can reduce absorption.

If you are looking for some treatments to support your skin care at home, we recommend LED light therapy to reduce excess oil production and extractions to help remove any blocked pores. Gentle enzyme or chemical peels are both wonderful summer treatments helping to resurface the skin and improve texture. Try to stay away from strong laser treatments or IPL during summer as the skin becomes extra sensitive to the sun which can lead to further skin damage.

If your finding that your skin is changing and not sure how to manage it, come in for a skin consultation with our Dermal Clinicians Lily or Amelia. They can assess your skin concerns and provide a customised skin plan to get your skin glowing.  


Skin conditions of the vulva

 Dr Alice Rudd & Dr Felicity Gould

Dr Alice Rudd & Dr Felicity Gould

The vulva, just like any other type of skin on the body, is prone to all types of skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, and the effects of common practices we see on the face like over washing and the use of harsh soaps.

Vulva conditions affect women of all ages, from children to the elderly.

As woman go through puberty they develop hormonal changes and the presence of increased hormones can lead to a dysbiosis (microbial imbalance) and change in pH of the vulva. This causes a predisposition to thrush. Vulval thrush is very common condition and is often brought on by a course of antibiotics (frequently prescribed for another medical condition) and sometimes the contraceptive pill. The treatment of thrush usually requires topical treatment and in some cases, oral treatment. Recurrent cases of thrush need to be investigated for associated disorders. Dermatitis is also very common during puberty from exposure to potential allergens. Common allergens include:

·         Toilet paper 
·         Lubricants 
·         Any medication, either prescribed or over-the-counter 
·         Perfumed products 
·         Antifungal creams and pessaries 
·         Antiseptics 
·         Nail polish
·         Latex condoms 
·         Semen

In the middle aged years, the more common vulva concern is lichen sclerosus. This is an autoimmune inflammatory condition affecting the vulva, the perianal skin and sometimes other skin sites. It is very itchy and if left untreated can lead to scarring and disfigurement of the vulva. It is important if you have an ongoing vaginal itch to have it checked, as uncontrolled lichen sclerosus can lead to VIN – a type of cancer of the vulva.

Later in life, after the menopause with a loss of oestrogen, the vulva can become dryer and uncomfortable. This used to be known as vaginal atrophy, but is now called genitourinary syndrome of the menopause. This is best treated with the use of topical oestrogen, so long as there are not any contraindications (such as a history of breast cancer)

In most situations, the diagnosis can be made on clinical grounds, but sometimes a biopsy of the vulval or other tests may be required. Often a thorough internal examination of the vagina is required to ensure there are no other contributing pathologies.

  • Most patients with a vulval problem have found that it has interfered with their sex life in some way. Sexual arousal may be less easy leading to anxiety, dryness and sometimes painful vaginal spasm.

  • Although lubricants can often help in this situation, many patients need help from a physiotherapist’s specialist that deals specifically with the pelvic floor. It can take some time to become comfortable with intercourse again.

Infections (aside from thrush) can affect the vulva, the most common being HPV or genital warts. As always it’s important to be up to date with pap smears to ensure the cervix has not developed any cancerous changes. The advent of the HPV vaccine has been helpful in reducing this risk.

Sometime it is not clear whether a vulval issue requires a gynaecologist or a dermatologist. That is why the Skindepth Vulva Clinic evolved.  Most GPs can adequately handle vulva issues, however many times there is more than one condition, or conditions overlapping and it can be difficult to adequately diagnose and manage. Having both a specialist gynaecologist and dermatologist examine the vulva and devise a treatment plan means a more accurate diagnosis, better management and outcome for the patient. Our resident gynecologist Dr Felicity Gould has an affiliation with the Royal Womens Hsopital for women requiring more extensive procedures.

Our next Vulva Clinic is Friday 21st December. Bookings are limited so please get in early to avoid missing out. Please remember a referral from your GP.

Pregnancy Skin with Skindepth

Treatment 2.jpg

Are you unsure about safe skincare during pregnancy? Like many expectant mothers, skincare becomes confusing and many people avoid treating their skin all together. Get the right information from an expert. Join Dermal Clinician Amelia as she takes us through the best approach to skincare during pregnancy.

 Amelia, when should pregnant ladies modify their skincare routine?

As soon as pregnancy is confirmed it is best to stop any existing skincare routine and review what is and isn’t appropriate. Then most important skincare to stop using immediately is Salicylic Acid and Retinols. More simplistic ingredients should be used throughout pregnancy. We still encourage a gentle cream cleaner, moisturiser and daily sunscreen, but ask ladies to remove certain active ingredients from the mix. Some active ingredients are safe during pregnancy but should be prescribed by your Dermatologist or Dermal Clinician.

What skincare can pregnant ladies use?

Pregnant ladies can confidently use a cleanser and moisturiser. We love and recommend Rationale’s Preparatory Cream Cleanser and their Photodynamic Day Cream SPF15.

An active ingredient we encourage throughout pregnancy is Vitamin B. It is completely safe and helps to keep the skin hydrated, reduce fine lines and create a beautiful glow. At Skindepth we love Rationale’s Immunologist Serum and MediK8 Hydr8 B5 Liquid Hydration. Serums can be used under your moisturiser to help create more luminous skin.

I am breaking out with pimples, what can I do?

When breakouts occur during pregnancy this indicates they are most likely caused by hormonal changes. For most pregnant ladies that experience acne, it clears up on its own postnatally. When treating acne, we normally recommend active ingredients in skincare. However this is not an option during pregnancy. Instead we need to take a more subtle approach and maintain the quality and texture of the skin. We can however assist with extractions, facials, masks and LED Therapy which are all completely safe. These treatments help nourish the skin, reduce inflammation and promote healing on a cellular level.

I am noticing darker spots and my pigmentation is worse? Why?

During pregnancy the body produces more melanin. This means that moles can darken and general freckling and pigmentation can appear more prominent. Many ladies also experience darker pigmentation called Melasma. This typically presents on the face including the upper lip, nose and cheek bones. Although it can be frustrating, the good news is that increased pigmentation usually resolves itself post pregnancy without intervention or treatment when melanin levels naturally reduce. During pregnancy we suggest daily sunscreen as the best prevention. However in some cases pigmentation is unavoidable.

Pregnancy glow is a lie! My skin is dull, what can I do?

During pregnancy we don’t have access to the same variety of treatments, but rest assured there are still treatments that can assist you to achieve that glow. The main treatments we recommend during pregnancy are Enzymatic Masks. These masks are fruit based and work by gently exfoliating the skin and breaking down the dead skin cells on the upper layers of skin. They also have anti-inflammatory properties that help settle the skin. Our other favourite treatment that is safe and suitable for all skin types is LED Healite. This promotes the production of collagen and encourages the skin’s own healing process. Customised facials are also a good way to nourish the skin and sneak in some relaxation time.

What else can I do to maintain my skin health?

As with all of our clients, dietary choices and quality of sleep both greatly impact the health of the skin. It is no different with our pregnant clients. Although it may be a little harder if you are suffering from morning sickness or pregnancy related insomnia! We understand it is not quite so simple, but if you can, foods high in antioxidants and omega-3 such as nuts and berries are good for the skin. Try to maintain a regular sleep schedule, and if you are waking through the night, try and fit in a quick catnap if possible.

If you are pregnant and have any skin questions or concerns, Skindepth is available for personalised Skin Consultations with both Amelia and Lily. You will receive a customised pregnancy skin care and skin treatment plan.

Race Day Tips and Hints

 Photo: @avene_au

Photo: @avene_au

If you’re all ready for the big race days and have you attire and fabulous headpiece sorted, then here are some tips to keep your skin looking gorgeous and radiant while you are out and about and having a wonderful time on the field.

 1.    Choose the right skincare products under your makeup

If you tend to have dry or dehydrated skin, then using a Vitamin B and Hyaluronic Acid Serum under your moisturiser will give your skin a radiant glow and plump up its appearance. Medik8 B5 contains both of these ingredients and will give your skin that extra hydrating boost for the big day.

For those of you that notice your skin gets slightly oily by the end of the day, try using a Salicylic Acid Serum under your moisturiser. Doing this will help to mop up any excess oils and prevent that oily look for forming throughout the day.

 2.    Choose the right makeup for the day

The right makeup depends on the type of appearance and finish you’re after. Mineral liquid makeup will give you a glow that is both polished and dewy – it is really good for those with dryer skin types.

If you’re more prone to oily skin, then you may prefer a matte finish. In this case use a crushed or pressed mineral powder. If you can get SPF coverage within your makeup then that’s an extra bonus. However don’t rely on this solely as your sunscreen protection. SPF 50+ sunscreen is a must in your daily skincare routine, particularly when you are outside all day.

Don’t forget to pack your mineral pressed powder to reapply during the day to prevent shiny skin from excess oil production.  

3.    Lip care

Definitely bring along a SPF 50+ lip balm in your bag to prevent cracked lips and sun damage. Regularly applying your lip balm will help prevent red wine stained lips and as well as any chapping and dehydrated lips throughout the day. Applying your coloured lip stick over the top will create a beautiful glossy finish.

 4.    Body care

Apply a liberal amount of SPF sunscreen followed by your moisturiser as the base all over your body. Look out for sunscreens that contain powerful antioxidants to protect and restore the skin from free radicals caused by UV rays and pollutants. La Roche Posay Anthelios Activewear lotion sunscreen 60+ is perfect for race day. Don’t forget to re-apply throughout the day – most sunscreens wear off after about 4hrs. If you want to create a natural glow for your body, an illuminating moisturiser will leave you looking and feeling dewy and glam.

 5.    Touch up your skin with a spritz

 If your skin starts to feel a little tired and dry as the day goes on, get that fresh boost with a little spritz. We love Avene’s Thermal Spring Water. Just spray directly on the face over your make up - it will refresh your skin and give your makeup a slightly dewy finish.

6.    Stay hydrated.

Don’t forget to drink plenty of water throughout the day. It will help you stay hydrated on the inside and outside. You and your skin will thank you the next day. Remember water is your friend.

 7.    Keep the skin looking great the next day and don’t get lazy and forget to take off your makeup off.

You may be exhausted after a big day of fun but this is one step not to miss. You will feel so much better the next morning. Ideally we recommend using a gentle cleanser and finishing with a moisturiser. But if you are just too tired, invest in some makeup wipes – the best type contain micellar water.

 8.    Have fun!

The link between diet and psoriasis

 Photo @remedydrinks

Photo @remedydrinks

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that presents as clearly defined, red and scaly patches on the skin. It occurs when the life cycle of skin cells accelerate too quickly, building up on the surface of the skin. This condition is often painful and very itchy for sufferers. What causes psoriasis is multi-factorial but it is classified as an inflammatory auto-immune disease.

As psoriasis is an inflammatory condition, lifestyle and dietary choices can have a direct impact of the symptoms experienced with the condition.

There are many factors that can aggravate psoriasis; they tend to be inflammatory in nature. Triggers include stress, smoking, excessive alcohol, lack of sleep, obesity and some medications.  It is beneficial to limit these triggers through lifestyle choices and to reduce or avoid them where you can.  

An important (and easy) way we can reduce inflammation in our body is through diet. It stands to reason that opting for an anti-inflammatory diet will reduce internal inflammation in the body. In fact there are entire diets dedicated to just this.

Consuming a diet rich in anti-inflammatory properties can prevent excessive inflammation and quench free radicals. Options include:

  • Healthy fats such as omega-3 and omega-6 found in oily fish like salmon, avocado, chia seeds and coconut

  • Antioxidant rich foods such as berries and dark leafy greens (to help manage inflammation and balance stress hormones)

When considering our immune system, gut health is one of the most essential elements in our defence against the outside world. It houses 80% of our immune system and it is also in charge of absorbing nutrients. Therefore when managing chronic autoimmune conditions such as psoriasis, it is imperative that we focus on maximising our gut health.

Increasing the beneficial flora in our gut is an important step to improve immunity and is achieved by consuming probiotic foods that contain live bacteria. The best options are:

  • Yoghurt (pot set, no added sugar/fruit) – homemade is best!

  • Kefir/Kombucha

  • Sauerkraut (and other fermented veg), Kimchi

  • Miso and Tempeh

We also know that increasing prebiotics in our diet will help live bacteria flourish. This will enhance gut health and support the immune system. These foods include:

  • Garlic, onions, leeks, asparagus, globe artichokes

  • Legumes, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, fresh beans, beetroot, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, LSA mix

  • Dark Chocolate >70%, almonds, green tea, carrots 

Other recommended food choices include those rich in vitamin C, garlic, ginger, turmeric, onions, bone broth, healthy fats such as avocado as well as foods rich in zinc such as oysters, grass-fed beef & lamb, sesame seeds, pepitas (pumpkin seeds), cashews, lentils, beans, mushrooms.  

It is important that those suffering with psoriasis seek appropriate medical consultation by a good Dermatologist. There are many treatment options available which may include diet, prescription medication and/or topical treatments. Your doctor will prescribe the best treatment plan for you.

The best skincare routine for spring!

 Pic @lucybrownless

Pic @lucybrownless

What a fantastic time of year as we say goodbye to winter and hello to spring! We start to head outdoors more as it heats up and we also tend to have more social events filling up the calendar. Great skin is essential.  

As our environment changes around us we are exposed to different elements, there are inevitably changes that occur in our skin. The heat rises and there is greater exposure to UV light. This can cause increased oil production, breakouts and congestion, as well as darkening of pigmentation (freckles).

To tackle the excess oil production, it’s great to swap your cleanser over to a gel based one (if your skin can tolerate it). Gel based cleansers or cleansers that contain Salicylic acid will help to ‘degrease’ the skin and remove excess oils. The Catalyst cleanser from the Rationale range is a great option and one we use ourselves at Skindepth. It’s important to remember that some skin types simply cannot tolerate gel cleansers if the skin is dry or sensitive. In that case just stick with your cream cleaner.

Another option to tackle excess oil production is a stronger vitamin A product with a higher percentage of retinol. Retinol or vitamin A works by shrinking the skin’s grease glands that are responsible for oil flow. We recommend the Biopelle Retriderm Retinol range which includes options of 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%. When getting started on Retinol products, always stick to a lower percentage to avoid any reactions within the skin. You can then increase the concentration over time. The addition of retinol or vitamin A in your skincare will help minimise blackheads and breakouts. Make you sure you combine with an SPF the next morning.

To help prevent pigmentation (freckles and discoloration forming), it’s best to invest in a tyrosinase inhibitor skincare product that will help to block the production of melanin and disbursement of pigment within the skin. We recommend Mela cream by Dermaceutic Laboratoire as the most effective option – we all love this product and use it when we spend more time outdoors.  

If you want to get started with some skin treatments to assist your skincare routine, a great option is a Carbon Peel (also known as the China Doll Facial) with Laser Genesis. This will help to quite literally remove that dull winter layer of dead skin and reveal a new brighter healthier complexion. This treatment is fantastic because there is no downtime at all, so you can get back to what you need to do without worrying about side effects. Close to all skin types can have these treatments and both the Carbon peel and Laser Genesis treatments are non-invasive and painless. The combination of these two treatments work on different layers of the skin so provide a wonderful boost to stimulate new and healthy skin.

If you’re not sure whether these treatments and products are right for you, come in for a consultation at Skindepth with our Dermal Clinicians Lily or Amelia. They will assess your skin type and provide a skin and treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

5 Minutes with Brooke Iriks on Spring Skin

 Photo: Brooke Iriks

Photo: Brooke Iriks

Introducing Brooke Iriks, one of our new injectable nurses at Skindepth Dermatology.  Brooke has been a registered nurse for over 15 years, 5 of those years has been studying and working in the cosmetic industry.

Welcome to the Skindepth team Brooke. What makes you passionate about the cosmetic industry?

Thank you, I am very pleased to be part of the Skindepth team! I love the cosmetic industry because it allows me to help my clients feel good about themselves. There is a lot to share about skin health and wellness and I love educating my clients. When people are informed, they can make the best decisions on how to look and feel great on the inside and outside.  This includes skin treatments, skincare, diet and general well-being.

What is your favourite time of year for skin?

I love spring! I especially love the spring racing carnival and all of the excitement that comes with this time of year. As we head into spring we need to consider our skincare regime, which means updating and buying new products. I love buying new skin products especially if it means a glowing complexion.

So Brooke, what are your top tips to get Spring Racing Ready?

 The first thing I recommend is re-visiting your skincare routine. What your skin needs in spring is different to what it needs in winter due to the environmental changes. The main thing is increasing your SPF coverage. During spring and summer make sure you are using a SPF 50+ coverage every single day. No questions! You might want to also add an active cream like a vitamin C to target pigmentation during the day, and a Vitamin A to settle some congestion overnight. I am also adding some radio frequency treatments to boost collagen, tighten the skin and smooth out any wrinkles. I won’t be able to fit all the treatments in before the spring carnival, but I can get a good start.

 What about if I want an extra boost?

 If you are considering anti-wrinkle or dermal filler for the spring racing carnival, now is the time to get started. Book your antiwrinkle injections in at least 6 weeks prior and dermal filler injections 4 weeks prior. I am a big fan of the natural look and I am conscious of working with my clients to achieve their end result. Personally, I like my face to have some movement and lines. We always encourage a review 2 weeks after your treatment to assess and make sure it is settling in nicely.

 What else is key for this time of year?

Like Skindepth, I have a holistic approach to health and well-being and view looking after my skin as something I need to do from the inside as well as the outside. I personally love going to the gym and working on my Olympic Weightlifting. It makes me feel great, but importantly it helps me reduce my stress levels which is an important part of any healthy lifestyle.

Diet is also important. At this time of year we naturally change our diets to engage seasonal produce which often means more salads and lighter meals as we steer away from root vegetables associated with winter.

Here are some small and easy changes I have made to look after my health and my skin:

 - I tend to crave sugar in the afternoon and to curb it I like to have a Kombucha. Not only does it reduce my sugar intake, but it helps increase my energy levels, hydrates me and is delicious. Win!

- I love chocolate after dinner, so I have shifted from milk chocolate to dark chocolate. I also enjoy it with berries which are full of antioxidants and great for the skin.

- I try and swap my mid morning latte for a long black. One thing research has shown is that dairy can greatly affect the skin, particularly if you have problematic or acne prone skin. If you are looking for a milk substitute, almond milk is a great alternative.

 Brooke is available for appointments in the clinic every Tuesday.

 We would love to know if you have any pre carnival tips. Just direct message us @skindepthdermatology

Inflammation and the skin

 Photo @healthyhunter

Photo @healthyhunter

What is inflammation? 

Inflammation is a natural process; it is the body’s way of responding when we are sick or injured and commences the healing process. In the case of an injury or illness, the body responds by sending white blood cells to protect the body and promote repair. You may relate to experiencing inflammation as swelling or a fever. However inflammation can become problematic when chronic inflammation develops and white blood cells attempt to treat something that does not require a response. In this circumstance, the immune system begins attacking healthy tissue and producing chemicals that damage cells. This is when autoimmune diseases like asthma, diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, acne and other skin related problems can occur.  

What causes inflammation?  

There are different things that cause inflammation, but some of the main causes include diet and stress. 

Considering much of the immune system resides in the gut, it stands to reason that dietary choices can greatly affect inflammation. Some of the biggest triggers include sugar, refined carbs, processed food and alcohol. There are diets that can help reduce internal inflammation. 

Another key trigger for inflammation is stress. Like over consumption of sugar, stress encourages increased production of cortisol. This increased production of cortisol fosters a more toxic environment and encourages inflammation. Unfortunately stress is unavoidable, so it is important to manage it on a regular basis so it is not exacerbated. 

Sleep, or rather lack of sleep is closely linked to inflammation and chronic inflammatory diseases. Therefore ensuring you invest in 8 hours of sleep a night is critical to a productive and healthy lifestyle.  

How does inflammation affect the skin? 

When we consider the skin, collagen is one of the first things that can be affected by inflammation. Inflammation breaks down collagen and also prevents it from forming. This enhances the visual signs of the ageing in the form of wrinkles and sagging skin.  

Likewise there are many skin disorders that are quite literally a visible response to inflammation including acne, rosacea, eczema and psoriasis; often red and angry in appearance. 

Reducing inflammation – The golden rules

Diet: Consuming a diet rich in anti-inflammatory properties can prevent excessive inflammation and quench free radicals. Healthy fats such as omega-3 and omega-6 found in oily fish like salmon, avocado, chia seeds and coconut are great options. Antioxidant rich foods can help manage inflammation and cortisol levels including berries and dark leafy greens. 

Reduce stress: Managing stress levels are one of the most important ways we can help with inflammation. Creating a lifestyle or ways to release stress will greatly affect the way the body is able to manage stress hormones.

Sleep: Sleep is when the body has the opportunity to restore and recuperate. We know that performance, production and general well-being is greatly enhanced by sleep. There is also a direct correlation between sleep and reduced inflammation (including chronic diseases caused by inflammation).

7 ways to reduce stress and feel well

 Photo @elsewhere

Photo @elsewhere

We all know the impact stress can have on our lives. It can greatly affect our physical and emotional well being. When we are stressed our bodies go into shut down mode and our skin is one of the first things to suffer. The skin is affected by stress as it reacts to the increased levels of cortisol when we live in ‘fight or flight’ mode. The impact increases inflammation in our skin resulting in redness ‘flushing’, pimples, dry and dull skin.

One of the simplest ways to take better care of ourselves (and our skin!) is to reduce stress levels by integrating activities in our week that assist us to feel good. It sounds easy but investing time into this practice is generally the hardest part.

 Relieving stress is different for everyone. Some of our favourites include:

1.    Go for a walk! Get out of the office, house or car and stomp the pavement. Even better, try and get out into nature with some fresh air. It doesn’t have to be a long walk. Walking will promote circulation throughout the entire body, increasing oxygen levels and endorphins. This surge of endorphins can help reduce our stress hormones and improve our general mood.

2.    Do you have energy to burn? A high intensity exercise class, running or the gym might be the best stress release for you. High impact exercise can provide the perfect platform to physically release the buildup of the day to reset the mind.

3.    Low intensity activities like yoga and pilates are other great options to reduce stress. Both of these activities focus on breathing and help to nourish the body and mind. Consistent and regular breath work is one of the simplest ways we can encourage relaxation and regulate our hormones, including over-production of cortisol. When we feel centered and in tune with our breath, we naturally engage a state of release and relaxation.

4.    Meditation is perfect for encouraging equilibrium in the bodymind. For many people just the word meditation can be overwhelming. However meditation can be as simple as sitting quietly for just a few minutes a day. Even a few minutes will provide so many benefits to our entire well being. Meditation calms the nervous system, regulates the production of cortisol and even aids digestions. If you feel unsure about how to get started, there are many apps to assist you. Check out The Mindfulness App, Headspace & Calm.

5.    Mindfulness is another great tool and encourages the act of being present. We are so busy and accessible now we are actually inaccessible. We spend so much time on our phones and looking at computer screens we can live a life disconnected from what we are actually doing. We are constantly living in a state of over stimulation. Practicing mindfulness is as simple as being present. Notice the sounds around you, the smells in the air, people talking, birds singing, how the air touches your skin.  A great book is ‘Change Your Thinking’ by Sarah Edelman and provides some tips to integrate mindfulness.

6.    Make a commitment to cultivating quality sleep. How we sleep has a direct effect on how we experience life, our performance and general well being.  Aim to go to bed and wake up at the same time each day. Give yourself time before you sleep to detox from the distraction of phones and other electronics. Have a warm bath or shower. Use a drop or two of lavender on your pillow and avoid caffeine and alcohol before bed. Always retire into a dark room and invest in a good quality pillow.

7.    Get pampered and indulge yourself. Consider a massage or treatment that will make you feel nourished and revitalised. Choose a treatment that encourages detoxification, increases circulation and lymphatic drainage. Enforced relaxation is often one of the best ways we can let go. If you want to pamper yourself and look after your skin, we recommend Skindepth’s Signature Treatment as the ultimate skin rejuvenation and relaxation. Your skin and mind will thank you.

Skin at all ages

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Our skin changes and evolves over time as we go through the ageing process. So how we approach skincare must evolve also. When we consider the process, we can break it down into intrinsic ageing and photoageing (also known as extrinsic ageing). Photoageing is the effects of environmental factors on the skin, the most common being excessive sun exposure. Intrinsic ageing is the natural genetic ageing process and is largely predetermined when we are born.

Intrinsic signs of ageing include;

Top layer of the skin (epidermis) thins
The deeper layer of the skin (dermis) and bones shrink causing the appearance of sagging
Fine wrinkles
Pigmented spots

The amount of fat on face decreases creating a more sunken appearance (especially fat pads above eyes and around mouth).

Extrinsic signs of ageing include;

Top layer of the skin (epidermis) thickens
The deeper layer of the skin (dermis) thins
Development of coarse wrinkles, deep wrinkles and furrowing
Mottled, uneven pigmentation
Skin growths (called actinic keratosis)
Glycation, cross linking of collagen and elastin

 In our 20s

When we are in our 20s (or younger), it is perfect time to kick start a balanced skin care routine.  This is where we can have the greatest opportunity to prevent extrinsic ageing, so SPF 50+ sunscreen is a must every day. When considering skincare, always choose products that are high in antioxidants to help quench free radicals and minimise the ageing process. Preventing damage at a younger age is far more effective than treating damaged skin later in life.

We recommend: Medik8 B5 & La Roche-Posay Sunscreen 50+ SPF

In our 30s

When we hit 30 our collagen and elastin production has already slowed down. This means we need to focus on regenerating the skin. Dullness and uneven texture can start to show; especially if a good exfoliator is not part of your skincare routine. In our 30s, it is important to focus on vitamin A (also known as retinol) and chemical exfoliators such as lactic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid and pyruvic acid. Chemical exfoliators contain acids and enzymes that gently dissolve and encourage the removal of dead skin cells. As they do not require scrubbing they are often more gentle on the skin than non-chemical exfoliants.  They will help to exercise the skin and encourage cell renewal whilst evening the skin’s texture. They may also help to reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

 We recommend: Rationale Preparatory Cleanser & Immunologist UltraCreme

In our 40s

Our 40s is when the true intrinsic signs of ageing start to show. Due to the noticeable change in the skin, a number of ingredients must be integrated to help support the skin holistically. When considering skincare, always include antioxidants, chemical exfoliators, vitamin A, and peptides. Peptides are best explained as fragments of proteins that teach the skin to do what’s required. Without peptides, the skin can result in loss of firmness, appearance of wrinkles, texture changes, and skin that doesn’t bounce back as it once did.

We recommend: Hyal Ceutic Intense Moisturiser 

In our 50s and above

In our 50s and above, all previous skin exposure starts to show. The effects of sun damage results in discolouration of our skin so we see more redness, pigmentation and actintic damage present to the surface. Our wrinkles over time can become more obvious and they don’t just appear with the use of expression. This is a perfect time to treat the sun damage, redness and pigmentation with our ALA/ PDT treatment. Your skin will require a heavier moisturiser and don’t forget vitamin a serum!

We recommend: Regen Ceutic Skin Recovery Cream &  Biopelle Retriderm Serum Plus

At all ages, Skindepth encourage their patients to eat a diet filled with fruit and vegetables, nuts as well as oily fish such as salmon and sardines. Avoid dairy if you are prone to acne. 

It’s important to remember that there are so many factors that can influence our skin health. If you are unsure about the best way to care for your skin, always speak to a qualified Dermal Clinician or Dermatologist.